《英语写作》考试复习资料

作者:本站???时间:2016-01-15 10:19:25???标签:

《英语写作》??(B卷)

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1.????simile?????????????????,?????2.??personification???????????????,?

3.????pun????????????????????,?????4.???metaphor????????????????,??

5.???chiasmus?????????????????,??????6.???hyperbole???????????????,?

7.???euphemism?????????????,??????8.??????????????metonymy?????,?

9.?????irony??????????????????,??????10.????alliteration??????????????.

1.?The?old?man’s?hair?is?as?white?as?snow.??????????????????????????

2.?There?were?a?few?lordly?poplars?before?the?house.

3.?Thunder?roared?and?a?pouring?rain?started.?

4.?His?purse?would?not?allow?him?that?luxury.?

5.?The?poor?creature?could?no?longer?endure?her?sufferings.?

6.?She?is?dying?to?know?what?job?has?been?assigned?her.?

7.?It?took?a?few?dollars?to?build?this?indoor?swimming?pool.

8.?In?his?quiet?laziness?he?suddenly?remembered?that?strange?word.

9.?The?president?was?conspicuously?absent?on?that?occasion.

10.?His?writing?is?clear?and?clean.?

1.?The?use?of?comma?in?place?of?a?period?called?a?period?fault.

true

2.?In?a?loose?sentence,?the?main?idea?is?expressed?near?or?at?the?end?of?it.

false

3.?Periodic?sentences?are?more?complex,?emphatic,?formal,?or?literary?than?loose?sentences.

true

4.?A?unified?sentence?expresses?a?single?complete?thought.?

true

5.?A?sentence?is?coherent?when?its?words?or?parts?are?properly?connected?and?their?relationships?unmistakably?clear.

false

6.?Coherence?of?a?paragraph?is?concerned?with?its?form,?or?its?organization.

true

7.??A?topic?sentence?is?the?first?sentence?of?a?paragraph.

true

8.?When?an?article?is?organized?in?order?of?importance,?the?more?important?ideas?should?be?placed?before?the?less?important?ones.

true

9.??Most,?if?not?all,?essays?are?made?up?of?a?beginning,?a?middle?and?an?end.

false

10.?A?comparison?points?out?the?similarity?between?things.

true

1.?A?grammatically?__A____?(A.?complete?sentence,?B.?sentence?fragment)?is?one?that?contains?at?least?a?subject?and?an?object.?????????????

2.??A?__B____?(A.?compound,?B.?compound?complex)?sentence?contains?at?least?two?main?clauses?and?at?least?one?dependent?clause.

3.?She?decides?to?study?English?though?she?was?interested?in?music.?This?sentence?is?a?__B____?(A.?loose,?B.?periodic)?sentence.??

4.?Born?in?a?small?town?in?South?China?in?the?50s,?he?grew?up?to?be?a?famous?musician.?The?problem?with?this?sentence?is?that?it?has?no?__A____?(A.?coherence,?B.?unity).

5.?__A____?(A.?Ambiguous?reference,?B?dangling?modifiers)?occur?in?the?sentence?He?was?knocked?down?by?a?bicycle,?but?it?was?not?serious.?

6.??When?there?is?an?important?idea?it?should?be?expressed?with?___B___?(A.?variety,?B.?emphasis).

7.?The?central?theme?of?a?paragraph?is?usually?summarized?in?what?is?called?the?____B__?(A.?main?idea,?B.?topic?sentence).

8.?_A_____?(A.?Transitions,?B.?Pronouns,?C.?Repeating?words)?are?necessary?when?the?writer?wants?to?arrange?his?sentences?in?a?clear,?logical?order.

9.??Once?you?encounter?a?person?who?has?stopped?breathing,?you?should?immediately?begin?to?do?a?mouth-to-mouth?breathing.?A?paragraph?beginning?with?this?sentence?may?further?develop?by?__A____(A.?space,?B.?process,?C.?examples).

10.?There?are?three?kinds?of?book?owner.?The?first?has?all?the?…….?The?second?has?a?great?deal?of?books?…….?The?third?has?……?If?it?is?paragraph,?it?develops?by?___B___?(A.?classification,?B.?definition,?C.?contrast).

1.?Dufu?was?one?of?the?greatest?poets.

Dufu?was?one?of?the?greatest?poets?in?our?country?.

2.?A?man?is?judged?not?only?by?what?he?says?but?also?by?his?deeds.

??A?man?is?judged?not?only?by?what?he?says?but?also?his?deeds.

3.?To?get?ready?for?the?trip,?all?things?needed?were?put?into?a?suitcase.

To?get?ready?for?the?trip,?all?things?were?needed?put?into?a?suitcase.

4.?Looking?out?of?the?window?the?grassland?extends?as?far?as?the?eye?can?see.

Looking?out?of?the?window?the?grassland?extends?as?far?as?eyes?can?see.

5.?He?gave?a?reason?for?not?attending?the?meeting,?which?nobody?believe.

He?gave?a?reason?for?not?attending?the?meeting?,?in?which??nobody?believe.

?(B)?Rewrite?the?following?sentences?according?to?requirements

6.?The?house?at?the?end?of?the?street?was?designed?by?Palladio.?(loose?sentence)

The?house?which?is?at?the?end?of?the?street?was?designed?by?Palladio

7.?John?comes?from?a?large,?lower-class?family,?and?he?enrolled?in?college?this?fall.?(periodic?sentence)

John?enrolled?in?college?this?fall?because?he?comes?from?a?large,?lower-class?family

8.?He?put?on?his?coat,?and?next?he?picked?up?his?hat?and?umbrella,?and?then?he?hurried?from?the?house.?(simple?sentence)

He?put?on?his?coat?,?picked?up?his?hat?and?umbrella?and?hurried?from?the?house.

9.?After?arriving?in?Fresno?at?1:30?a.m.,?he?made?the?toll-free?call.?(compound?sentence)

As?soon?as?He?arrived?in?Fresno?at?1:30?a.m.,?he?made?the?toll-free?call.

10.?The?Mississippi?River?is?one?of?the?longest?rivers?in?the?world,?and?in?the?springtime?it?often?overflows?its?banks,?and?the?lives?of?many?people?are?endangered.?(complex?sentence)

The?Mississippi?River?is?one?of?the?longest?rivers?in?the?world,?which?in?the?springtime?often?overflows?its?banks,?and?the?lives?of?many?people?are?endangered.

1.?for?example????????????2.?in?fact?????????3.?also????????4.?furthermore?

5.?not?only…?but?also…????6.?in?addition

Teachers?of?foreign?languages?should?be?extremely?well-qualified?in?order?to?carry?out?their?duties?properly.?????1????????,?a?teacher?should?possess?a?minimum?of?a?graduate?degree?from?a?certified?education?school?or?institute?if?he?is?to?teach?high?school?or?below.?Besides?the?academic?degree,?teachers?should?not?consider?teaching?only?as?an?occupation?for?earning?money;?they?should?also?be?interested?in?teaching.?It?was?????3?????necessary?that?teachers?be?knowledgeable?in?their?major?fields,?????5??????they?should????5?????be?skillful?as?well.????2???????,?the?language?teacher?must?know?the?target?language?well?enough?to?be?imitated?by?his?students.?Proficiency?in?the?target?language?includes?four?skills:?understanding,?speaking,?reading,?and?writing.?A?teacher?should?????4??????know?the?linguistic?facts?of?the?language?of?the?students?in?order?to?understand?the?problems?they?will?have?in?learning?the?target?language.?

?????6?????the?teacher?must?be?familiar?with?audio-lingual?techniques.?Knowing?all?this?will?help?the?students?to?learn?correctly?and?quickly.

You?are?going?to?have?a?dinner?to?celebrate?your?30th?birthday.?You?want?to?invite?your?childhood?friend?to?the?party?after?6?o’clock.?Make?sure?to?include?at?least?the?following?points:?purpose,?time,?date?and?place.?(60?words)

?????????????????????NOTE

?I?am?going?to?have?a?dinner?to?celebrate?my??30th?birthday.?I?want?to?invite?you-------?my?childhood?friend?to?the?party?after?6?o’clock.?At?December?24,?2012?,?we?get?together?at?the?SUN?hotel?.?we?not?only?celebrate?my?birthday?on?that?day?,?having?games?to?celebrate?our?friendship?.?I?hope?all?of?you?could?take?part?in?this?party?.?I?am?looking?forward?to?your?coming?.?

Write?an?argumentative?essay?(about?300?words)?on?the?following?topic:

Everyone?Should?Be?Given?an?Opportunity?to?Study?in?College

Nowadays,?with?the?enrollment?ever?growing?at?college?and?university,?majority?of?students?who?graduate?from?senior?schools?will?enter?universities?or?college.?However,?still?a?lot?of?students?loose?the?chance?to?study?in?colleges?because?of?varies?reason,?like?relatively?poor?examination?score?in?“High?education?entrance?examination”,?or?higher?tuitions?than?ever?for?the?poor?and?rural?families,?etc.?so?here?is?the?question?raised,?should?everyone?be?given?the?opportunity?to?study?in?college?

My?answer?is?“Yes”.?Three?reasons?listed?below?support?my?argument.

First,?the?right?for?receive?education?is?equal?for?everyone.?So?we?cannot?deprive?their?opportunities?to?study?in?college?due?to?the?results?of?examination?score?besides?the?one?who?give?up?this?opportunity.

Secondly,?it?is?unfair?for?the?students?who?quit?study?because?of?the?expensive?tuition.?You?know?the?development?level?and?income?of?families?in?different?area?is?varying,?family?incomes?in?coastal?cities?are?much?higher?than?the?one?in?inland?China.?And?from?time?to?time?reports?will?show?one?student?had?to?give?up?his/her?education?because?of?higher?tuition,?if?the?tuition?is?a?necessary,?college?should?also?open?their?door?when?

those?students?earn?enough?money?to?support?his?education.Furthermore,?continue?education.?new?technologies?are?booming?in?such?a?fast?development?society,?the?one?who?failed?to?receive?high?education?should?learn?more?if?they?want?to?catch?up?the?society?step,?university?and?college?which?suppose?to?be?a?platform?of?high?education?should?have?the?responsibilities?to?do?so

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